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And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. John 8:32

The Written Prophecy of Zechariah

By H. A. (Buster) Dobbs
I.  Introduction.
    A.  The man.
        1.  The name Zechariah was common among the Jews. It means 
            "the Lord remembers."
        2.  Zachariah was the son of Berechiah and the grandson of 
            Iddo, who was one of the priests who came back to 
            Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Neh. 12:4).
        3.  He was of the priestly office and of the family of Levi.
        4.  He may have become the chief priest upon the death of his 
            grandfather, Iddo.
    B.  The background.
        1.  Zechariah was contemporary with Haggai.
        2.  The Jews who returned form Babylonian captivity have ceased 
            their work of rebuilding the temple and the city.
            a.  Opposition voiced to the Persian king had resulted in 
                discouragement and stoppage of work.
            b.  Sixteen years passed with little interest and no activity.
        3.  Zechariah and Haggai rebuked the workers and insisted that 
            they get back to the job of rebuilding the temple and the walls 
            of the city.
        4.  The prophecy of Zechariah may be divided into three major 
            parts; the first part consists of  a series of vision; the second 
            part deals with some Jewish fasts; the third part tells of the 
            problems of the people and the coming victory of Messiah.
II.  The Book.
     A.  Part one -- a series of eight visions and the crowning of the 
         high priest (1:1 to 6:15).
         1.  The word of God came to Zechariah (1:1).
         2.  The nation warned to not follow the example of their fathers 
             in turning away from God and disregarding his word (1:2-6).
         3.  First vision: horsemen in a myrtle grove (1:7-17).
             a.  The nations were at peace and unaware of a gathering 
             b.  Jehovah was angry with the nations (probably because of 
                 moral corruption).
             c.  It is important to finish the house of the Lord because it is 
                 to influence the world for good.
         4.  Second vision: four horns and four carpenters (1:18-21).
             a.  The four horns had broken and scattered Judah.
             b.  The four carpenters were to rebuild the nation.
             c.  Zechariah and the people were to do the work of 
                 restoring a destroyed nation.
         5.  Third vision: the man with a measuring line (2:1-13).
             a.  The man was sent to measure Jerusalem to find out how 
                 long and how wide it is.
             b.  The measuring-man was told to stop because Jehovah 
                 would be a wall round about Jerusalem and would be its 
             c.  The scattered people were now being recalled.
             d.  The peaceful empire (Persians) that had ordered the 
                 stoppage of the work of rebuilding would be punished 
                 (rise of the Grecian empire).
             e.  The Jews to rejoice because they were again chosen by 
             f.  Jehovah to inherit Judah.
         6.  Fourth vision: Joshua, the high priest, the angel of the Lord, 
             and Satan (3:1-10).
             a.  Satan rebuked and not allowed to destroy Israel.
             b.  Joshua clothed in filthy clothes.
             c.  The filthy rags are taken away and replaced with a clean 
                 turban and clean clothes.
             d.  Jehovah's servant, the Branch, to come forth.
             e.  An unpolished stone watched over by the seven eyes of 
         7.  Fifth vision: a gold candlestick (4:1-14).
             a.  The candlestick has seven lamps.
             b.  The candlestick has a bowl on its top with pipes leading 
                 the seven lamps.
             c.  To keep the candlestick burning required no human 
                 agency, but oil was perpetually supplied by olive trees on 
                 either side of the candlestick.
             d.  This represented the provision of God and the lack of 
                 need for human power and might. God will accomplish his 
             e.  Zerubbabel had laid the foundation for the temple and 
                 would live to see the work finished.
             f.  The olive trees represented two powers that serve the 
                 interest of Jehovah (priestly and kingly interest would 
                 bend to the will of the Lord).
         8.  Sixth vision: the flying roll (5:1-4).
             a.  The flying roll represented the moral law of God.
             b.  The immoral will be punished.
         9.  Seventh vision: the woman in the ephah (5:5-11).
             a.  A woman in an ephah with a lead cover.
             b.  The woman represented wickedness.
             c.  The woman pushed back into the container and the leaden 
                 lid replaced.
             d.  Two winged-women lifted up the ephah.
             e.  The ephah carried to its house in Shinar.
             f.  Evil to be banished from Israel and take residence in 
                 another place.
         10.  Eighth vision: four chariots (6:1-8).
              a.  Four chariots, drawn by four horses, come from two 
                  brass mountains.
              b.  The chariots and their horses represented four spirits of 
              c.  They go to the north country and throughout the earth.
              d.  The spirit of Jehovah was quieted and the north country 
                  had rest.
        11.   The crowning of the high priest (6:9-15).
              a.  The crowning of Joshua, the high priest, in the presence of 
                  men from Babylon.
              b.  The Branch to build the temple of the Lord.
              c.  Branch is to sit and rule upon his throne.
              d.  Branch is to be a "priest upon his throne."
              e.  Branch is to be prophet, priest and king.
              f.  The crown to be taken from Joshua's head and kept in the 
                  restored temple as a reminder of this prophecy.
              g.  The temple to be built by those who come from far off 
     B.  Part two -- answer questions about fasts (7:1 to 8:23).
         1.  Shall the weeping and fasting of the fifth month be 
             continued (7:1-3)?
             a.  The Jews held feasts to commemorate victories and fasts 
                 to remember tragedy.
             b.  The fast of the fifth month was in memory of the 
                 destruction of the temple.
         2.  The answer (7:4-14).
             a.  Fasting is valuable only when those who observe it have 
                 clean hands and a right attitude toward Jehovah.
             b.  Reminded of their rebellion against God which resulted in 
                 their exile.
         3.  God's love for the Jews will fill Jerusalem with happiness 
         4.  The people are told to rejoice, for God would give a 
             conditional blessing (8:9-17).
             a.  It was God's purpose now to restore the nation and 
                 prosper the people.
             b.  The fasting of the past would be turned to joyful feasting.
             c.  Salvation is of the Jews.
     C.  Part three -- the future for Israel and the nations of earth 
         (9:1 to 14:21).
         1.  The nations to be punished but Israel to be safe (9:1-8).
             a.  A prophecy of the conquest of Alexander of Macedonian.
             b.  Israel will be at peace.
         2.  The coming Prince will bring peace and cut off the battle-
             bow (9:9-10).
         3.  Israel will not suffer from the Greek invasion (9:11-17).
         4.  Condition of safety is that they seek Jehovah and not idols 
             a.  Faithless shepherds (leaders) anger Jehovah.
             b.  Trusting Jehovah will bring peace and prosperity.
         5.  Good and bad leaders (11:1-17).
             a.  Disaster can come if God is not honored.
             b.  Jehovah hates bad leaders.
             c.  The blood-sealed covenant will be broken.
             d.  God's favor sold for 30 pieces of silver.
             e.  Israel and Judah to be rejected.
         6.  Judah to be a terror to the enemies of Jehovah (12:1-7).
         7.  Judah to be blessed (12:8-9).
         8.  Judah's rejection of God's mercy (12:10-14).
             a.  They shall look on him whom they pierced.
             b.  There shall be great mourning.
         9.  The good shepherd and his treatment (13:1-9).
             a.  A cleansing fountain.
             b.  Family feuds will result.
             c.  The good shepherd will receive wounds in the house of 
                 his friend.
             d.  A fraction of the people will respond to God's offer of 
         10.  Jehovah's universal reign (14:1-21).
              a.  Jerusalem to be plundered once again.
              b.  A new war for minds and souls will be fought by the one 
                  whose feet will stand upon the mount of Olives.
              c.  It will be a strange and unique day.
              d.  Healing waters will flow from Jerusalem.
              e.  Jehovah will prevail.
              f.  Those who reject the good shepherd will rot.
              g.  "Holiness to the Lord" shall be written on the bells of the 
                  horses and upon the cooking pots.
              h.  The impure will be excluded.

H. A. "Buster" Dobbs, email:
P. O. Box 690192
Houston, Texas 77269-0192
(281) 469-3540

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