Books of Bible
The Written Prophecy of Jeremiah
By H. A. (Buster) Dobbs
A. The man.
1. A priest of the tribe of Levi.
2. Grew up in the priestly village of Anathoth, a short distance
3. He was a man of education and a child of destiny.
4. He appears suddenly on the scene.
5. He was not a weak sentimentalist.
B. The background.
1. Began his work in the thirteenth year of Josiah, king of Judah
a. Following Hezekiah's reformation, Manasseh, son of
Hezekiah, introduced idolatry. He reigned for 55 years.
b. Amon (an evil king), son of Manasseh, reigned for 2 years.
c. Josiah, a grandson of Manasseh, instituted another reform.
2. During the reign of Josiah, Nineveh fell to Babylon.
3. Pharaoh-necoh of Egypt killed Josiah and controlled Judah
for a short time.
4. Jehoahaz, son of Josiah, became king (3 months) but was
removed by Pharaoh-necoh.
5. Johoiakim (Eliakim), another son of Josiah, became king and
ruled 11 years.
6. Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon vanquished the Egyptian army
and took all that "which pertained to Pharaoh-necoh."
7. Babylon was now supreme. Jehoiakim became
8. After three years, Jehoiakim rebelled and "slept with his
9. Jehoiachin, son of Jehoiakim, reigned in his place.
Nebuchadnezzar defeated Jerusalem and carried Jehoiachin
and the notables of the land into captivity.
10. Nebuchadnezzar made Jehoiachin's uncle, Mattaniah, king
and changed his name to Zedekiah. He ruled in Jerusalem for
11 years, but rebelled against Babylon and provoked a
second invasion and the rest of the people were carried
captive and scattered from Judah.
11. During the reign of Josiah and the turmoil that followed,
II. The Book.
A. The call of Jeremiah (1:1-19).
1. Appointed to his work before his birth (1:5).
2. Two visions (1:11-16).
a. Jeremiah saw the rod of an almond tree (1:11-12).
b. He then saw a boiling caldron (1:13-16).
3. God's promise to be with and empower Jeremiah (1:17-19).
B. Prophecies and judgments (2:1 to 24:10).
1. Idolatry denounced (2:1-28).
2. The nation rebuked because of ingratitude (2:29-37).
a. They killed the prophets.
b. They were guilty of adultery.
c. They robbed the poor, especially orphans.
d. Captivity was soon to come.
3. The abomination of idolatry (3:1 to 4:2).
a. The faithlessness of Judah.
b. The treachery of Israel.
c. Jehovah promises Israel acceptance if she will repent.
4. A warning and a lamentation (4:3 to 5:3).
5. The overthrow of Jerusalem and Judah is inescapable
a. Judah's great guilt.
b. Invasion and defeat foretold.
c. What will ye do in the end thereof?
6. The fall and ruin of Jerusalem (6:1-30).
a. They have healed the hurt of my people slightly (6:14).
b. Ask for the old paths (6:16).
c. Judah had not heard the word of Jehovah nor kept his
d. Destruction from the north (6:22-26).
e. Jeremiah's hard task of rebuking the nation (6:27-30).
7. Jeremiah preaching in the temple (7:1 to 10:24).
8. Sign of a marred girdle (11:1 to 13:27).
a. A broken covenant (11:1-13).
b. No prayers for Judah; she is past redeeming (11:14-17).
c. People of Anathoth conspire to kill Jeremiah (11:18-23).
d. Jeremiah complains about the misery of the land
e. God's replies that things will get worse (12:5-6).
f. Sentence against Judah and her neighbors; possibility of
g. The worthless girdle and jars of wine (13:1-27).
9. Condemnation and ruin (14:1 to 17:27).
a. A drought and prayer for mercy (14:1-9).
b. Jehovah declares that prayer is now useless (14:10-18).
c. Jehovah unyielding (14:19 to 15:9).
d. Jeremiah's complain and Jehovah's answer (15:10-1).
e. Great misery foretold (16:1-13).
f. A coming restoration (16:14-21).
g. Judah's sin; Jehovah to be trusted; a plea for protection;
the Sabbath to be hallowed (17:1-27).
10. The potter's vessel (18:1 to 20:18).
a. The vessel marred in the hand of the potter (18:1-17).
b. The plot against Jeremiah (18:18).
c. Jeremiah calls on Jehovah to punish Israel (18:19-23).
d. A potter's earthen bottle (19:1-15).
e. Pashhur, a priest, imprisoned Jeremiah because of
Jeremiah's warnings (20:1-6).
f. Jeremiah's helpless determination to rebuke Israel
g. Jeremiah's rues his birth (20:14-18).
11. Kings, rulers, and false prophets (21:1 to 24:10).
a. King Zedekiah's question (21:1-2).
b. Jeremiah's menacing answer (21:3-14).
c. Jeremiah warns Judah against injustice (22:1-9).
d. Shallum (Jehoahaz) to be punished with death
e. Jehoiakim and Coniah to die miserably (22:13-30).
f. Wicked shepherds of the people (23:1-4).
g. Prophecy of a coming messiah (23:5-8).
h. Concerning the prophets (23:9-40).
i. Two baskets of figs (24:1-10).
C. Historical section (25:1 to 29:32).
1. Judgment of God against Jerusalem and the nations
a. Jews' disobedience (25:1-7).
b. Seventy years of captivity foretold (25:8-11).
c. Destruction of the nations by Babylon foretold
d. Howling of the shepherds (25:34-38).
2. A call to repentance (26:1-24).
a. Men of Judah would not listen to the word of God
b. Jeremiah arrested and threatened (26:7-11).
c. Jeremiah's defense (26:12-15).
d. Jeremiah delivered (26:16-24).
3. Jeremiah counsels the nations to submit to Babylon
4. Jeremiah and Hananiah -- yokes of wood and yokes of iron
5. Jeremiah's letter to the captives in Babylon (29:1-32).
a. Jeremiah's letter counsels the people to be quite and
accept their condition in Babylon (29:1-14).
b. They were not to listen to the false prophets who were
giving bad advise to the people (29:15-23).
c. Shemaiah wrote back asking the authorities in Jerusalem
to put Jeremiah in prison (29:24-32).
D. Restoration promised (30:1 to 35:10).
1. Israel and Judah to be brought again to the land (30:1-24).
2. The restoration assured (31:1-40).
a. The restoration to be a time of joy (31:1-14).
b. Rachael's tears to be dried by the return of the people to
c. Even Ephraim to be restored; the nation to be redeemed,
after a period of punishment and correction (31:18-30).
d. A new covenant to be given (31:31-34).
e. Restoration assured (31:35-40).
3. Captivity and restoration (32:1-44).
a. Babylon besieges Jerusalem and Jeremiah is "shut up in
the court of the prison" (32:1-5).
b. Jeremiah purchases a field from his cousin in token of a
coming restoration (32:625).
c. Captivity confirmed (32:26-35).
d. Restoration again promised (32:36-44).
4. God promises a joyful return to Jerusalem one day
a. A glad return and prosperous times (33:1-14).
b. The Branch of righteousness to appear (33:15-26).
5. Treatment of slaves contrary to God's law; Zedekiah and
the people to go into captivity (34:1-22).
6. The example of the Rechabites (35:1-19).
E. The captivity (36:1 to 45:5).
1. The burning and restoration of the roll (36:1-32).
2. Babylon, Egypt and Jerusalem (37:1-21).
a. Babylonian siege lifted because of the coming of the
Egyptian army (37:1-5).
b. Jeremiah prophecies the return of the Babylonians
c. Jeremiah arrested as he is leaving the city to inspect his
property in Benjamin and put in a dungeon (37:11-15).
d. Zedekiah inquires of Jeremiah about a word from
3. Jeremiah advises the people to surrender to the Babylonians
and is put in a prison where he sinks down in the mire;
Jeremiah is delivered by an Ethiopian; he privately counsels
the king to surrender (38:1-28).
4. Jerusalem falls and Zedekiah is blinded and carried to
5. Jeremiah is released and goes to Gedaliah, who was
appointed by the Babylonians to be governor over the land;
Ishmael conspires to kill Gedaliah (40:1-16).
6. Ishmael kills Gedaliah and attempts to defect to the
Ammonites; he is killed by Johanan (41:1-18).
7. Johanan begs Jeremiah to bring him word from Jehovah;
after ten days, Jeremiah reports that Jehovah will bless and
protect Johanan and those with him if they remain in Judah,
but warns them not to go into Egypt (42:1-22).
8. Johanan and the people go into Egypt, forcing Jeremiah and
others to go with them; Jeremiah prophecies the defeat of
Egypt by Babylon (43:1-13).
9. The people of Judah continued to practice idolatry in
Egypt; Jeremiah prophecies the destruction of Egypt as
10. Jeremiah's secretary, Baruch, is filled with sorrow and
grief, and is comforted (45:15).
F. Review of the nations (46:1 to 49:39).
1. The doom of Egypt foretold and described (46:1-28).
2. The destruction of the Philistines (47:1-7).
3. Judgment against Moab (48:1-47).
4. Judgment of Ammonites, Edom, Damascus, and Elam
G. Fall of Babylon; the stone thrown into the Euphrates river
(50:1 to 51:64).
H. Jeremiah in Egypt (52:1-34).
1. An appendix (52:1-34).
a. Zedekiah rebels against Babylon (52:1-3).
b. Jerusalem falls to the Babylonian army (52:4-7).
c. Zedekiah's sons and the princes are killed before him; his
eyes are put out; he is bound in chains and carried to
Babylon and put in prison (52:8-11).
d. Anything of value was stripped from the temple and from
Jerusalem and carried to Babylon (52:12-23).
e. The principal men killed, and the rest carried into
f. Jehoiachin treated kindly in Babylon (52:31-34).