Books of Bible
The Written Prophecy of Haggai
By H. A. (Buster) Dobbs
A. The man.
1. Little is known of Haggai.
2. He returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel.
B. The background.
1. The captivity.
a. Warnings were ignored.
b. Punishment came in the form of invasion and destruction.
c. After years of suffering in a foreign land, the people were
allowed to return.
2. God stirred up Cyrus to allow the Jewish people to return to
their homeland (2 Chron. 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-8).
3. Many Jews assisted those of their number who elected to go
back to Jerusalem to rebuild the city and the temple, but only
a few (42,360 plus 7,337 servants) returned (Ezra 2:64-65).
a. The Samaritans offered to join in the work of rebuilding
b. The Jews said no because the Samaritans were
compromised by corrupt teaching and worship (4:3).
c. The Samaritans then stopped the rebuilding by appealing
to king Artaxerxes (Ezra 4:4-24).
4. It was during this time of struggling to rebuild the altar, the
temple and the city, that the prophet Haggai prophesied.
II. The book.
A. Haggai's first sermon (1:1-15).
1. The people are rebuked for allowing the house of Jehovah
to lie in waste while they saw to their own needs (1:1-6).
a. The people said it is not time to build God's house (1:2).
b. The prophet implies that the people would never be happy
nor prosper unless they put God first (1:4-6).
2. The people urged to consider their ways and get busy
building God's house (1:7-11).
a. They neglected God and his temple.
b. God neglected them and sent disaster.
3. People responded by going back to work (1:12-15).
a. God stirred up the spirit of leaders and people to take up
the task of rebuilding (1:14-15).
b. God stirred them up through the preaching of Haggai
B. Haggai's second sermon (2:1-9).
1. The disappointment upon seeing the foundation of the
second temple (2:1-3).
2. God will shake the earth (2:4-7).
3. The shaking will result in filling the second temple with a
greater glory than the glory of Solomon's temple (2:7-9).
4. The greater glory of the second temple would be that from it,
God will give peace (2:9).
C. Haggai's third sermon (2:10-17).
1. The word of God came to Haggai (2:10).
2. Touching something that has been offered to God (holy or
consecrated flesh) will not make the thing touched holy
3. If an unclean things touches a clean thing, the clean thing is
defiled, or made unclean (2:13).
4. The nation of Israel was corrupted and what they touched
was defiled (2:14-19).
a. Living in the promised land did not make the people pure.
b. Failure to build the temple and offer sacrifices upon the
altar corrupted the nation.
c. Therefore, take up the work of rebuilding.
D. Haggai's fourth sermon (2:20-23).
1. Additional revolutions about to occur (2:20-22).
a. This was a time of peace throughout the world. The
Medes and Persian were in control and had no serious
b. Another power was about to be released -- the Greek
Empire -- and it would shake the world.
2. Israel will be preserved and the coming wars will not
overthrow the nation (2:23).
a. The purpose of this information was to encourage the
rebuilding of altar, temple, wall and city.
b. Alexander the Great, in his expansion of power, did not
destroy Jerusalem or the Jews. He was, to the contrary, a
friend to Israel.