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And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. John 8:32

Summary of the Book Of Esther

By H. A. (Buster) Dobbs
  1. Introduction
    1. The author
      1. Unknown
      2. Some say Mordecai or Ezra
    2. The time of writing
      1. During the captivity
      2. Babylon then Persia held power
      3. Ahasuerus, the Persian monarch, probably the same as Xerxes
    3. The contents
      1. May be divided into three sections
        1. The feast of Ahasuerus
        2. The feast of Esther
        3. The feast of Purim
      2. The message: "Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein" (Prov 26:27).
  2. Three Feasts (1:1 to 9:32)
    1. The feast of Ahasuerus (1:1 to 1:22)
      1. Persian empire under Ashauerus (1:1-2)
        1. Ruled from India to Ethiopia (1:1)
        2. Events took place in the kings palace at Shushan (1:2)
      2. Ahasuerus great feast (1:3-22)
        1. Riches and glory of his kingdom (1:4)
        2. Followed by a feast that lasted seven days (1:5-8)
        3. The queen, Vashti, gave a feast for the women (1:9)
        4. Ahasuerus sent for Vashti to show the people her beauty (1:10-11)
      3. Vashti refused to come to the king (1:12-22)
        1. This challenged the authority of all husbands (1:12-18)
        2. Ahasuerus advised to divorce Vashti and marry another (1:19-21)
        3. Letters sent throughout the empire (1:22)
      4. New queen selected (2:1-20)
        1. Ahasuerus had second thoughts about Vashti (2:1)
        2. Virgins gathered to the palace to select new queen (2:2-4)
        3. Mordecai and his cousin Esther (2:5-7)
        4. The maidens came in turn to Ahasuerus (2:8-14)
        5. Esther chosen to be queen (2:15-20)
      5. Mordecai tells Esther of a conspiracy against Ahasuerus (2:21-23)
      6. Haman promoted, but Modecai refused to bow before him (3:1-6)
        1. Haman promoted over all the princes (3:1)
        2. Ahasuerus commanded Haman to be reverenced (3:2)
        3. Mordecai would not bow down to Haman (3:2-3)
        4. Haman told that Mordecai was a Jew (3:4)
        5. Haman decided to destroy all the Jews (3:5-6)
      7. The casting of lots (Pur) to determine the day of execution (3:7)
      8. Haman receives authority to put all Jews to death (3:8-15)
        1. Haman complains against the Jews (3:8)
        2. Haman offers to pay large sum to Ahasuerus (3:9)
        3. Haman given permission to kill all the Jews (3:10)
        4. Haman given the spoil (3:11)
        5. Written order that all Jews to be killed on a certain day (3:12-15)
      9. Esther informed of the plight of the Jews (4:1-17)
        1. The grief and lamentation of Mordecai (4:1-3)
        2. Word brought to Esther about the coming destruction (4:4-9)
        3. Esther reluctant to approach Ahasuerus (4:10-12)
        4. Mordecai persuaded Esther to act (4:13-14)
        5. Esther requests a three day fast (4:15-17)
    2. The feast of Esther (5:1 to 9:11)
      1. Ahasuerus and Haman invited to the feast (5:1-5)
      2. A second banquet proposed the following day (5:6-8)
      3. Hamanís reaction (5:9-14)
        1. Haman filled with joy (5:9)
        2. Indignant toward Mordecai (5:9)
        3. Haman complained to his wife about Mordecai (5:10-13)
        4. A seventy-five foot high gallows built to hang Mordecai (5:14)
      4. Ahasuerus reminded of Mordecaiís good service (6:1-14)
        1. Ahasuerus sleepless night and reading of the chronicles (6:1-3)
        2. Haman was in the court to propose hanging Mordecai (6:4)
        3. Ahasurerus asked Haman how to reward a faithful servant (6:5-9)
        4. Haman told to extend this honor to Mordecai, the Jew (6:10-11)
        5. Haman retires in a rage but is called to Estherís feast (6:12-14)
      5. Ahasuerus and Haman at the banquet given by Esther (7:1-10)
        1. Ahasuerus pomises to give Esther whatever she wanted (7:1-4)
        2. Esther reveals the plot of Haman against the Jews (7:5-6)
        3. Ahasuerus goes out to the garden to think about it (7:7)
        4. Haman begins to plead with Esther for his life (7:7)
        5. The King returns and finds Haman fallen on Esther couch (7:8)
        6. Ahasuerus orders the death of Haman (7:9-10)
      6. Mordecai promoted and given the estate of Haman (8:1-2)
      7. Deliverance of the Jews (8:3 to 9:31)
        1. Esther again intercedes for the Jews (8:3-6)
        2. Ahasuerus permits Jews to defend themselves (8:7-14)
        3. Mordecai highly honored and praised (8:15-17)
        4. Jews kill their enemies, including the 10 sons of Haman (9:1-11)
    3. The feast of Purim (9:12 to 10:3)
      1. Hanging of Hamanís ten sons (9:12-14)
      2. Seventy-five thousand Jewish enemies killed (9:15-16)
      3. A day of feasting and gladness (9:17-18)
      4. General proclamation establishing the annual feast of Purim (9:19-32)
      5. Ahasuerus greatness and Mordecaiís promotion (10:1-3)

H. A. "Buster" Dobbs, email: had@worldnet.att.net
P. O. Box 690192
Houston, Texas 77269-0192
(281) 469-3540

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