Books of Bible
The Written Prophecy of Amos
By H. A. (Buster) Dobbs
A. The man.
1. Herdsman of Tekoa.
a. Tekoa was about 12 miles south of Jerusalem.
b. Amos was a wilderness man, as were many prophets.
c. He tended sheep and dressed sycamore-trees.
2. Amos had a good understanding of world problems.
a. He delivered the message he "saw concerning Israel."
b. His knowledge of the conditions of surrounding nations,
and what was going to happen to them, came by revelation.
B. The background.
1. Amos prophesied when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam II
was king of Israel.
a. Jeroboam II guided the people into drunkenness, sexual
license, and religious perversion.
b. During the reign of Jeroboam, Syria had been crushed by
c. Assyria had immediately fallen on hard times and her
military might dissipated.
d. Israel was at peace.
2. Jeroboam II began a building program, bringing wealth to
a. The people lived in idleness and luxury.
b. They indulged in gross immorality.
c. The poor were ignored or robbed.
II. The book.
A. Punishment of the nations.
1. Damascus (Syria), because of excessive cruelty, would be
defeated and carried captive to Kir (1:3-5).
2. Gaza (Philistia), because of slave trade, would be destroyed
3. Tyre, because of slavery and covenant breaking, would be
4. Edom, for pitiless treatment of others, would be destroyed
by fire (1:11-12).
5. Ammon, for brutality in war, would be taken captive (1:13-
6. Moab, for vindictive hatred, would be burned (2:1-3).
7. Judah to be punished for her rejection of Jehovah (2:4-5).
B. Israel's sins (2:6 to 3:3).
1. Bribed to betray the righteous and the poor (2:6).
2. Sexual immorality (2:7).
3. Drunkenness (2:8).
4. Ingratitude (2:9-11).
5. Attempted to corrupt the righteous (2:12).
6. Refused to listen to the prophets (2:12).
7. Coming punishment (2:13-16).
8. Not in step with God (3:1-3).
C. Prediction of Israel's doom (3:4 to 6:14).
1. Jehovah roared and thundered against the wickedness of
2. The prophet is God's voice (3:8).
3. Heathens spectators of Israel's sinfulness (3:9).
4. Prosperity and pride to be destroyed (3:10-11).
5. A remnant to be redeemed (3:12-14).
6. Sin and cruelty of the women of Samaria (4:1-3).
7. Golden calves could not save them (4:4-13).
a. The idols of Bethel and Gilgal could not provide for
b. Lack of rain, blasting, and mildew did not produce
c. Prepare to meet thy God, O Israel.
8. Amos' lamentation (5:1-27).
9. Israel's condition summarized (6:1-6).
10. The rulers would be the first to go into captivity (6:7).
11. All would suffer in the terrible destruction (6:8-13).
12. Pestilence would come first and then the Assyrians to
punish, destroy, and capture the people (6:14).
III. Coming Judgments.
A. Visions (7:1-9).
1. Vision of locusts (7:1-3).
2. Vision of fire (7:4-6).
3. Vision of plumb-line (7:7-9).
B. Attempt to silence the prophet (7:10-17).
1. Amaziah, the priest of Beth-el, complained to Jeroboam
2. Amaziah told Amos to go back to Judah, but the prophet
refused and pronounced a judgment on Amaziah's house
C. Doom and destruction (8:1 to 9:10).
1. Vision of the basket of summer fruit (8:1-14).
2. The nation ripe for harvest (judgment).
a. The greed and sin of the people.
b. Judgment cannot be avoided.
c. A famine of hearing the word of God to come.
d. Idols will not save and are of no value.
3. God's judgment on Beth-el's idol altar (9:1-10).
a. There is no escape.
b. Judah will be spared, but Israel will be sifted like
grain and the least kernel shall not fall to the earth.
IV. Promise of restoration (9:11-15).