Books of Bible
The New Testament Church
By Louis Rushmore
Is Divine In Worship
The New Testament contains a divine pattern for worshipping God. At the inauguration of Judaism, God
gave patterns to his people for the construction of the Tabernacle, its furniture and instruments, and their
worship (Exodus 25:9; Ezekiel 43:10; Hebrews 8:5; 9:23). There is no less direction for worshipping God under
the New Covenant than there was under the Old Covenant. John 4:24 says, "God is a Spirit: and they
that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth." Whereas worshipping God in spirit
pertains to a proper attitude, worshipping God in truth corresponds to adhering to the pattern for worship
of the divine law now in effect. The New Testament has superseded the Old Testament and is the religious law
to which all people today are amenable (Hebrews 8:6-13; Ephesians 2:15).
There are similarities and dissimilarities between Old and New Testament worship practices. For instance,
the New Testament neither requires nor authorizes the worship of God with sacrificial animal offerings, lighted
candles or burning incense. One must turn to the New Testament alone to identify how God desires people
living in the Gospel Age to worship him. There are five avenues of worship prescribed in the New Testament
through which God desires to be worshipped today. Each of these must comprise Christian worship
each first day of the week (Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:1-2).
The most obvious contrast between worshipful music employed by churches of Christ versus other
churches is the absence of mechanical instrumental music among churches of Christ. This difference results
from a sincere effort to practice precisely what the New Testament authorizes. Of the two possible types of
music, vocal and instrumental, the New Testament commands vocal music or singing (Ephesians 5:19;
Colossians 3:16). Every example of worshipful music employed by the New Testament church is void of
instrumental music (Matthew 26:30 [church not begun yet]; Acts 16:25; Romans 15:9; 1 Corinthians 14:15;
Hebrews 2:12; James 5:13).
What God may have allowed under the Old Testament or what God may permit in heaven does not affect
worshippers amenable to the New Testament. The New Testament is the law of God now in effect; man has
been released from the Old Law (Romans 7:6, 7; Colossians 2:14) and yet living on earth does not come under
the scope of some future heavenly legislation. The commandment to sing in worship (Colossians 3:16;
Ephesians 5:19) specifies a type of music to the exclusion of everything else or any combination with
something else. Had God not specified what kind of music he wants, man could make his own choice,
but God made the choice himself, much the same way he chose unleavened bread and fruit of the vine for the
communion (to the exclusion of everything else).
Jesus instituted the Lord's Supper or communion following his observance of that year's Passover meal
(Matthew 26:17-30). The Lord stated the latter supper of which he said "this is my body" and
"this is my blood" was to be repeated for "remembrance" of him (Luke 22:19). The
apostle Paul called this supper "the communion" (1 Corinthians 10:16). In correcting abuses of the
communion by the Corinthian church, Paul urged the Lord's Supper not be observed lightly, but remembering
"the Lord's death" as often as (or each time) they observed it. Acts 20:7 indicates the frequency with
which the early church observed the communion, and that with apostolic approval. There is no more doubt the
early church observed communion weekly (on the first day of the week) than faithful Jews observed the Sabbath
weekly (on the seventh day of the week, Exodus 20:8-1). There is no more doubt the early church observed
communion weekly (on the first day of the week) than the early church observed (and contemporary churches
observe) collecting a contribution weekly (on the first day of the week, 1 Corinthians 16:1-2).
Though God required Old Testament people to give of their means for the support and progress of Judaism,
there is a fundamental difference between then and how God desires New Testament people to support
Christianity. Free will offerings were welcome under Judaism (Deuteronomy 12:6; Exodus 25:2; 35:29), but God
also commanded the people to tithe or give ten percent of their increase to God (Leviticus 27:30-34).
The tithe has not been reinstated by God in the New Testament. Instead, New Testament giving is:
(1) always a freewill offering (2 Corinthians 8:12), (2) regulated in part by what one purposes in his heart to give
cheerfully (2 Corinthians 9:7) and (3) regulated in part by one's prosperity (1 Corinthians 16:1-2). The last
Scripture reference also details the first day of the week (implying the first day of each week) as the day on
which the collection should occur.
Praying to God has always been basic to worshipping God, and this is the case in the Gospel Age as well.
Several passages attest the regularity with which the early church prayed and further was exhorted to pray
(Acts 2:42; 1 Timothy 2:1-3; 1 Peter 3:12). "And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask
any thing according to his will, he heareth us: And if we know that he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know that
we have the petitions that we desired of him" (1 John 5:14-15).
Preaching and Teaching
Essential to the establishment and maintenance of Judaism was and of Christianity is teaching and
preaching. Judaism was not just the religion of the Jews, it was their way of life, at home, in public, as well as
when they worshipped God. The Jews were taught from childhood through adulthood God's Word
". . . he read the words of the law, the blessings and cursings, according to all that is written in the
book of the law. There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the
congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among
them" (Joshua 8:34-35).
Edification of the children of God is one of the three divine missions of the Lord's church
(1 Corinthians 14:12; Ephesians 4:11-12). Evangelism is also one the missions of the church
(Matthew 28:18-20; 2 Timothy 2:2). Both of these holy commissions require preaching and teaching. This
teaching and preaching can be accomplished privately from house to house or publicly, such as in the public
worship (Acts 20:20). The context of Acts 20:7 not only indicates the frequency with which the early church
observed communion, it also notes preaching comprises part of the Lord's Day worship. "And upon the
first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to
depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight."
Often contemporary churches derive their worship practices from a confusion of formerly authorized
practices under Judaism combined with selected avenues of New Testament worship, well stirred with the
seasoning of personal preference. All living souls are amenable to the New Testament and will be judged one
day by it (John 12:48). Therefore, each soul should worship God "in spirit and truth" (John 4:24).
The worship practices of the churches of Christ, then, are not intended to be different, but identical to
what God through the New Testament requires.